Biodiversity Of Flora Of Southern Region Of Amravati District

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Bar. R.D.I.K and N.K.D. College, Badnera-Amravati (M.S.)

Abstract:
Amravati district is a part of Maharashtra state located in its north region and lying between 20032 to 21046 N latitude 76037 to 78021 E longitude. The soil is loamy, black cotton soil with pH ranging from 6.5 to 8.5. Total annual rainfall 974.5mm, annual mean temperature maxi 33.10C and mini 21.30C and climate is mostly hot and dry. Main occupation of people is agriculture. There is population of different tribals. More emphasis was given on wild herbaceous and shrubby species along with important and unexplored medicinal plants. Flora is heterogeneous in composition and quite distinct than rest of the parts barring few species, including palm species at the boundary of Amravati and Akola district as a very distinct and isolated patch.

Buchanania cochinehinensis (Lour.) Almeida from Anacardiaceae and Phyllanthus emblica L., the once prominent source of livelihood of tribals of Pohra region under Chandur Railway Tahsil seems removed and reduced to much less number which is serious concern of this region. Clerodendrum inermae (L.) Gaertn. seems to be occasional. The list of angiospermic families represented by different plant species found in this region of Amravati district enumerated as: Malvaceae, Tiliaceae, Papaveraceae, Caparidaceae, Zygophyllaceae, Rutaceae, Simaroubaceae, Meliaceae, Anacardiaceae, Fabaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Mimosaceae, Myrtaceae, Lythraceae, Cucurbitaceae, Cactaceae, Rubiaceae, Asteraceae, Asclepiadaceae, Gentianaceae, Boraginaceae, Convolvulaceae, Solanaceae, Scrophulariaceae, Acanthaceae, Pedaliaceae, Verbenaceae, Lamiaceae, Amaranthaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Moraceae, Agavaceae, Commelinaceae, Arecaceae, Cyperaceae and Poaceae.