Comparison Of Phytochemical Fingerprinting of Triphala Manufactured By Various Ayurvedic Industries & Its Use As A Quality Contr

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Comparison of phytochemical fingerprinting of Triphala manufactured by various Ayurvedic industries and its use as a quality control method.

Ramnarain Ruia College, Herbal Research Lab, Matunga, Mumbai-400 019, India.

Key words: Triphala, HPTLC, Phytochemical printing, quality control method.

An Ayurvedic medicine originated in India has developed over thousands of years and is one of the oldest systems of healing. Triphala is one of the largest used ayurvedic formulations in the world. It is a multi-Herbal formula made from three fruits combined in equal parts: Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica) and Amalaki (Embelica officinalis). It plays an essential role in the treatment of a wide variety of ailments. Triphala itself is used as an ingredient in many polyherbal formulations. It is also used against obesity. Extreme forms of obesity are associated with increased ratio of hypertension, heart disease and mortality.

Synthetic drugs are subjected to stringent quality control procedures to ensure their consistent quality. Ayurvedic/Herbal formulations must also be subjected to similar quality control measures in the formulations, right from the raw materials stage to the time it is used by patients. Phytochemical fingerprints can be used to identify the authentic raw materials from the spurious ones. In this investigation HPTLC has been applied to evolve phytochemical fingerprints of Triphala manufactured by various Ayurvedic Industries, which can be used as a quality control method. To ensure effective quality control of raw material, it is necessary to have appropriate test methods, which can be quickly and easily reproduced for large consignments required for industrial production. Thus HPTLC can provide us batch to batch comparability as a quality assurance method.

The fingerprint developed in the study were employed to evaluate quality of triphala procured from different manufacturers.